Charles C. Haley Bottle Stopper

U.S. Patent Number: 402,078                        Patented: April 23, 1889

Charles C. Haley’s patent application (assigned to Henry A. Haussling and Adell A. Haley) was filed December 10, 1888 and specified:

I, Charles A. Haley…of…Newark…New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Bottle-Stoppers; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same…

The object of this invention is to enable bottles supplied with permanently-attached stoppers of a certain class to be washed with greater facility by means of the ordinary washing-machines now in common use; to allow of and to obtain a more perfect cleansing of both the bottle and stopper; to allow of the substitution or replacing of defective parts without much labor or cost; to reduce the danger of opening the bottle when the projecting bail is accidentally struck…

Figure 1 is a side elevation of the improved stopper in connection with the bottle, the upper part of said bottle being shown in section.  Fig. 2 is a similar elevation of the stopper disconnected from the bottle; and Fig. 3 is a side elevation of said stopper, the “button” being shown in section…

Heretofore in devices more closely resembling my improvement the said bail, consisting of bent wire, has been rigidly secured to the button by means of solder at one end and provided with a free end, which served only to engage the inner side of the neck or mouth of the bottle to hold the said button in place, the said bail serving to hold the button away from its bearings on the inside of the bottle in the process of emptying and filling the said bottle.

In the improved device the bail and button have a jointed relation to one another, whereby when the stopper is pressed back or into the bottle the said button may turn in its relation to the bail, so as to allow the cleansing brushes or tools of the washing and rinsing or swabbing machines to pass down into the body of the bottle, the bristles or washing-surfaces of the tools passing over the upper surface of the button, so as to perfectly cleanse the same, as they could not were the buttons held rigidly at right angles to the bail.

One method of joining the parts is shown clearly in Fig. 3, in which d3 indicates an eye formed on or secured to the metal portion of body e of the button, the method shown being to form an eye or eyelet-wire, as indicated, and cast the body metal around the ends thereof to hold them together.

The body metal is formed to resemble a disk, having a recess, in which is secured a rubber or other suitable washer, f, adapted to engage the inside of the bottle and form an impervious joint therewith in the usual manner.

The bail d is bent, as indicated more clearly in Fig. 2, the same providing two hooked arms, d’ d’, connected, as at d2, to form a finger-loop, by means of which the bail may be grasped by the finger or by the ordinary hook commonly found on the bottling-bench, to draw the said bail and its connections upward…The opposite ends of the hooked arms lie laterally adjacent to one another and extend oppositely through the eyelet d3, so that the said button is prevented from becoming detached from said bail.  The opposite ends, d4, project beyond the parts d’ of the bail, as shown in Fig. 2, forming spring-bearings which engage the sides of the neck and hold the said bail in place.

By having the spring-arms formed as shown I secure to free ends, which with an evenly-distributed power reduce the lateral pressure on the neck and allow a more easy and even drawing of the parts into place.

The body of the button may be of metal, of hard rubber, or of any other suitable material.


Several Hutchinson bottles used by Newark, New Jersey soda bottlers Charles C. Haley and Henry A. Haussling are catalogued in the Hutchinson Bottle Directory.  Haley’s patent description suggests he grew tired of removing Hutchinson stoppers to properly wash bottles and devised his own improvements to speed up the cleaning process. 

Haley’s stopper was marketed as the “H. & H. H. Double Spring Action Bottle Stopper” by the E. Berghausen Chemical Company in Cincinnati, Ohio.  One of their National Bottlers’ Gazette advertisements proclaimed it “the neatest, cleanest and most handy Bottle Stopper in existence…To wash the bottle with the Washing Machine, drive in the stopper with a plug, washing bottle and stopper at same time, then haul the stopper up in place with a hook, and it is ready for refilling…These stoppers are guaranteed to be made of the purest TIN, and the finest rubber only is used.  It is the most durable, economical and most easily handled stopper to be had.”

Haley’s stoppers were also utilized by the Badger State Bottling Company of Watertown, Wisconsin, but the extent of his closure’s success, if any, is unknown.

Haley received patent number 430,285 on June 17, 1890 for an improved version of his 1889 stopper.  Here are photos of an original improved stopper, found intact in an example of Haley's Hutchinson bottle catalogued as NJ0313:

(images courtesy of Gregg Wilson)