Liquefied Carbon Dioxide Gas

In 1888, Jacob Baur of Chicago founded the Liquid Carbonic Acid Manufacturing Company, the first American firm to produce liquefied carbon dioxide in cylinders.  This liquid gas bubbled thru a water mist until it became dissolved.  Bottlers were slow to accept Baur’s process for economic reasons.  Carbon dioxide produced with acid and marble dust cost only one-third of Liquid Carbonic’s product.  Likewise, bottled carbon dioxide could not be used with old generators, requiring bottlers to replace generators that were still functioning properly. 

By 1900, at least ten different firms were producing a million pounds of liquefied carbon dioxide annually, and generators were considered outdated.  By that time, Liquid Carbonic had offices in seven cities and had expanded into the marketing of extracts.